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INTBODUCTOKY  ESSAY.                               203
the elevation of the latter is 7000-8000 feet; a little farther
north it rises at Nagkunda to 9300, and to 10,700 at the Peak
of Hattu. Chor mountain, situated on a branch of the main
chain, only thirty .miles from the plains, and a well known
botanical habitat, is 12,100 feet, and is one of the most re-
markable isolated peaks in the Himalaya. The bed of the
Satlej is everywhere very low, being at Belaspur 1500, and at
Rampur 3300 feet.
The flora of Siinla may be considered as exceedingly well
known; it presents a considerable proportion of Eastern
Himalayan plants that do not appear to cross the Satlej
"basin, and a smaller one proportionally of western species not
found in Garhwal.
Western Species.
^^ctivoR pedunculatim.              Adonis astwalis.
Eastern Species.
Clematis ntttcms.                           J^ii&e&m& pamMtZat^m.
Thalictrum rostellatwni,                  Betula cylindrostackya.
[Ranunculus diffiisus.                      .Alnus Nipalensis.
Delphinium vestit^m.                    Myrica sapida.
Sphaerostemma grandiflorum.          Cupressus torwlosa.
Stephania rotunda.                        "Poteutitt&fulgens.
HoUbollia lattfolia.                                      leuconoiha.
Dicentra RoyleL                                         Kleiniana.
Benthamia fragifera.                     SibLal dia potentilloides.
Daphne papyracea*                        Sieve csia elata.
Osyris arborea.                             Cerasus Puddim.
In the tropical valley of the Satlej the vegetation resembles
that of the otiter hills, and dry country forms predominate, as
Colebrookia, Rcettlera, and Euphorbia pentagona; whilst Bam-
boos, Butea, Mgle Marmelos, Moringapterygosperma, Capparis
sepiaria, and Calotropis, seem altogether absent, or are very
4. KULU.
This province consists of the mountain basin of the Beas,